Anniversary of Lima
Even though people had been living in the area for thousands of years and developed the countryside into a green oasis with extensive fields and fruit plantations, Lima celebrates its birthday on January 18, the day the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro founded the colonial city in 1535.
After taking Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, Pizarro was looking for a suitable place to establish 'his' city. In the dessert stripe between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes in the fertile valley of the Rimac River (and two other rivers nearby that provided fresh water) I found that place. The location offered an easy access to coastal fishing grounds, a good infrastructure and it was close to the natural harbor of Callao.
What soon would become the 'City of Kings' or just Lima, was back then home to an estimated 150,000 indigenous people in a region called Cuismanco and governed by the ruler Taulichusco.
On the 18th of January 1535 however, the Spaniards took over and founded Lima ....
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