The original name of the city was Qosq’o in Quechua, it means the navel of the world. It is called the imperial city of the Incas. The main streets of Cuzco contain remains of Inca walls. The city was practically destroyed by the conquerors who built their houses on the Inca stone walls, building the monuments found there.
The Plaza de Armas, formerly known as Wajaypata in the time of the Incas, was the center of many celebrations and continues today as the central meeting point. The Incas had the political structure as the ayllu or civil community. This nucleus is made up of people with blood ties in large families, whose main activity was the work of the land, which was for community use.
The Plaza de Armas, Cusco
In many monuments the three Inca worlds are symbolized:
Upper World, where God creator Wiracocha lives, was represented by the condor.
Underworld, where men live, they are represented by a cougar that has strength and power.
Intra-terrestrial world where the dead live, was represented by the snake.
The three basic principles of the Incas were:
- K’ella love - Don't be lazy
- Llulla love - Don't be a liar
- Your love - Don't be a thief
WHAT TO SEE IN CUSCO
Here we will leave you a small list of the main tourist attractions of the city of Cusco, but not before reminding you that these attractions as well as many more of the city of Cusco you can find them in more detail within our page. You can also check with your travel agency for more information.
Its construction began in 1559 and finished about 100 years later. It is one of the largest and most beautiful churches in Peru. Until recently it was in a process of renewal.
The ruins of the fortress of Sacsayhuaman present an excellent example of Inca walls. Some stones weigh more than 100 tons. The most important measures are 7 meters high and weigh 128 tons. The ancient city of Qosq’o was shaped like a cougar, whose head was Sacsayhuaman. The fortress was built in 20 years and 20,000 people were employed, of which 5000 were responsible for transporting the stones that came from about 3 km.
THE INCAS' SACRED VALLEY
The Sacred Valley of the Incas got its name because it is the most fertile land in Peru. The beginning of the tour takes place at 8:00 am (hotel) and ends at 7:00 pm (Plaza de Armas de Cusco). Make sure lunch is included in the package you hired. The main sites visited in the Sacred Valley of the Incas are
The Sacred Valley of the Incas
Pisaq Archeological Park
It is 32 km from Cuzco. Three days a week is a craft fair where everything can be bought or exchanged.
Pisaq Archeological Park
At this point, the road ends in the Sacred Valley. As of this moment, the only train that goes to Machu Picchu. The ruins are beautiful.
Macchu Picchu - The lost city of the Incas. It is the most important place to be visited in Peru.