Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface area of 3305 square miles.
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Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface area of 3305 square miles. There are multiple options for visiting the lake, since the Peruvian side of the lake touches the provinces of Puno, San Román, Azángaro, Huancané, Moho, El Collao, Chucuito and Yunguyo, all located in the Puno region.
The lake recognizes wild flora and fauna and is at the center of many cultural traditions of the people who live in the region. The lake's vast biological diversity includes emblematic species such as the symbol of the conservation movement, the endemic Titicaca grebe (Rollandía microptera), and the kelli (Telmatobius culeus), or giant Titicaca water frog.
The communities that live on the islands of this far reaching lake offer several experience-based tourism activities, providing an excellent opportunity for immersion in the local culture.
The entire length of the Peruvian part of Lake Titicaca was recognized by the Ramsar Convention on January 20th 1997, and it is considered a wetland of international importance, especially as a habitat for water birds.
Of the almost 8559 km2 (3305 square miles) of the lake, over half of it is in Peruvian territory. The lake itself has been divided into three areas: the Large or Chucuito Lake (with a maximum depth of 283 meters (928 feet)), the Smaller or Wiñaymarca Lake and the Puno bay. The lake has five main tributary rivers: Ramis, Huancané, Coata, Ilave and Suches. The lake's only discharge occurs through the
Desaguadero River (which represents only 9% of the total), while the rest is lost through evaporation. Water temperatures vary between 9 ° C (48 ° F) and 14 ° C (57 ° F).